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In this program Scott shows how the relationship between Christ and His Church is the perfect model for all marriages and expands upon St. Paul's teaching on this most Holy Union. The key texts for this consideration are from Ephesians 5 and also Matthew Those are the texts that you should know as Catholics if people ask you, they approach you and say, "Why do you all regard matrimony as a sacrament? Why do you think that Jesus Christ made marriage absolutely and strictly monogamous with no possibility for divorce and remarriage?
The three "C" of bible weddings: Contract, Consummation, Celebration These same things exist today in modern marriages, the order and timing of each stage is different. Ancient Jewish weddings never involved a wedding marriags like we see today with the bride walking down the aisle to be married in the synagogue. The "wedding ceremony" is something that did not develop for hundreds of years after Jesus rose from the dead.
Modern Jewish weddings are as removed and different from the ancient Jewish marriage culture of the first century as Christian weddings marriaes.
If you want to understand the many metaphors, illustrations and figures of ibble used by Jesus about "the wedding feast" and the church as the "bride of Christ", you must learn the ancient culture and forget everything you know about modern marriage ceremonies. There were three states of a marriage in the Bible: Stage 1: ing the "ketubbah" contract Creating the marriage bond i.
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The bride would chose her husband and her father would a legal contract with him called a "ketubbah". Young children were often married, arraigned marriage but did not consummate until of age. Stage 2: The "chuppah": sexual consummation.
Marruages to 7 years later, the groom is able to raise the money as set out in ghe ketubbah contract and notifies the father of the bride, who then sets a date to consummate the marriage at the bride's home. The bride waits with her maidens, for the arrival of the groom and his companions. The couple enters the chuppah room and consummates the marriage while the companions of the bride and groom wait and celebrate outside or in the next room.
The groom hands the bloodied "proof of virginity cloth" to the witnesses chosen by the bride's parents, who then give it to the bride for safekeeping. Stage 3: The wedding feast i.
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After consummation, the entire wedding party walks to the house of the groom in a procession for a wedding feast. At the conclusion of the wedding feast, the couple has completed the ancient ritual of bigle. The servant brought out articles of silver and articles of gold, and garments, and gave them to Rebekah; he also gave precious things to her brother and to her mother.
The servant told Isaac all the things that he had done. Tell me, what shall your wages be? Now in the evening he took his daughter Leah, and brought her to him; and Jacob went in to her. Laban also gave his maid Zilpah to his daughter Leah as a maid.
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So it came about in the morning that, behold, it was Leah! Was it not for Rachel that I served with you? Why then have you deceived me? Laban also gave his maid Bilhah to his daughter Rachel as her maid. So Jacob went in to Rachel also, and indeed he loved Rachel more than Leah, and he served with Laban for another seven years. The offer is accepted and Rebekah is married by contract. Gifts and money are given both to the bride and the parents of the bride.
Notice that Rebekah was asked if she consented to the marriage. Consummation stage 2 Rebekah and Isaac go to the tent Celebration stage 3 No mention of wedding feast, but one likely happened. The three stages of Jacob's marriage to Leah: Gen 29 Contract stage 1 Jacob contracts to work for 7 in advance before he gets the girl.
Consummation stage 2 Jacob pays the dowry price of 7 years and takes Leah into the tent. Celebration stage 3 He completed the 7 day wedding feast with Leah The three stages of Jacob's marriage to Rachel: Gen 29 Contract stage 1 Gen Jacob contracts to work for 7 MORE years but gets to consummate the wedding at the before he pays the full dowry. Consummation stage 2 Gen Mafriages took Leah into the tent at the beginning of the 7 day feast, then at the end of the 7 day feast he took Rachel into the tent.
Celebration stage 3 The 7 day wedding feast was for both girls. The father of the bride would use his wisdom to look out for the best interests of his daughter. The bride was seen as being completely under her father's control. For example, if a man sleeps with a virgin, they generally got married, but her father had to consent.
Polygamy was rare at the teh of Christ The bride's Estate Inventory: An ing of assets cash, property, livestock, businesses etc. Just like today's legal documents, the ketubah was ed in triplicate where the father, the groom each got a copy and a third one was "filed" with the court synagogue with a seal to be broken only by a judge. Many copies of ancient Ketubboth have been unearthed through archeology. The couple was legally married, but sexual co-habitation has not yet begun until stage two up to a year later.
Although called betrothal, it was not equivalent to our modern engagement today, which is nothing more than "monogamous promise dating" with no legal consequences if broken. Once ed, a legal divorce was required to dissolve the "betrothal". Child brides were cultural norms in both Israeli and Arabic cultures: Josephus tells of several instances where children were married, sometimes for political advantage: "This Sylleus, upon some occasion coming to Herod, and supping with him, saw Salome, and set his nible upon her; and understanding that she was a widow, he discoursed with her.
Accordingly the damsel, upon this change of her espousals, was disposed of to this young man, the son of Pheroras, the king giving for her portion a hundred talents. Josephus, Antiquities And I pray God that he will these children together in marriage, to the advantage of my kingdom, and of my posterity; and may he look down with eyes un serene upon them than he looked upon their fathers!
So he resolved by all the ways possible to get these espousals dissolved. Josephus, Wars 1. Notice the language of "marriage contract" is exactly what we see in the Bible. Saudi marriage officiant Dr.
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Ahmad al-Mu'bi told Lebanese television viewers last week that it's permissible for girls as young as 1 to marry — as long as sex is postponed. Al-Mu'bi's remarkable comments also included an explanation that thr is no minimal age for entering marriage. Thr, he would lead her in a ceremonial procession to a wedding feast at his house. Stage 3 The parable of the ten virgins Mt f illustrates both stage 2 and stage 3 of the marriage.
Once the ketubah was ed, the couple did not have mrriages until the groom fulfilled his financial obligations to the father of the bride. A delay might last years, as in bibe case of Jacob, who had to work 7 years for Laban, before he could sleep with his wife Rachel. The night Laban tricked Jacob at the end of 7 years by giving thee Leah instead of Rachel.
Jacob had already made a legal contract with Laban for Rachel and was married to her for 7 years, but not permitted to have sex with her. When he was tricked, he made a second legal contract that at the end of the wedding week, he would be allowed to have sex with Rachel, but would have to work another 7 years afterwards.
Josephus records that Herod the Great married Mariamne, the daughter of Alexander, but then waited 4 years before consummating. Here is a time of 4 years between stages one and two in Israel at the time of Christ. Wars of the Jews 1. Antiquities See Matt. Now this was the third year since he had been made king at Rome; and as he removed his camp, and came near that part of the wall where it could be most easily assaulted, he pitched that camp before the temple, intending to make his attacks in the same manner as did Pompey.
So he encompassed the place with three bulwarks, and erected towers, and employed a great many hands about the work, and cut down the trees that were round about the city; and when he had appointed proper persons to oversee the works, even while the army lay before the city, he himself went to Samaria, to complete his marriage, and to take to wife the daughter of Alexander, the son of Aristobulus; for he had betrothed her already, as I have before related.
He also, who was their commander, came himself, with a great of horsemen and footmen. The king also came himself from Samaria, and brought with him no small army, besides that which was there before, for they were about thirty thousand; and they all met together at the bile of Jerusalem, and encamped at the north wall of the city, being now an army of eleven legions, armed men on foot, and six thousand horsemen, with other auxiliaries out of Syria.
The Chuppah has undergone a gradual evolution of meaning. It began as the "virginity cloth" that tye under the bride when she consummated the marriage. Then the cloth change its position from under the bride on the bed, to vible the bride on the bed as a canopy. So the sheet began under the bride, then over the bride in private, then over the bridal couple in public. Originally, the chuppah may have been the "proof of virginity" bedsheet that the couple placed under the bride when they first copulate.
The chuppah is a four posted canopy under which the couple are married in modern Jewish synagogues.
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The chuppah, was the "Bridal Suite" where the couple first have mrariages, similar to the special rooms hotels provide couples on their wedding night. The chuppah is a literal canopy sheet over the four bed posts of the bed on which the marriage is consummated The chuppah is also known as a Huppah, baldachin or baldaquin.
The event of consummation was as complex as it was important: When the groom satisfied the father of the bride that he had fulfill the financial and legal requirements of the ketubah, marriagges would set a date for the chuppah and notify the bride. The chuppah wedding room with the bed would be prepared for the couple. The bride and the groom might have up to ten friends who would act as witnesses to the event.
This was called the "proof of virginity cloth" that the bride would bleed onto, as she lay on top of it during copulation.
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Both the groom's parents and the parents of teh bride would as several formal witnesses to the event and would wait outside or in an ading room while the couple consummated the marriage in the wedding bed. So this joy of mine has been made full. The parable of the ten virgins illustrates the tradition of the chuppah: a.
The brides "ten virgins" served as witnesses and would walk with the bride in a ceremony to the wedding feast in the house of the groom. As the bride was waiting for the groom to arrive in the chuppah and her on the consummation bed, the ten fell asleep due to the unexpected delay of the groom. Once the groom arrived, the ten male witnesses of the marriagess would announce his arrival with a shofar and calls from his own voice to the bride and her maidens.
At this point, they trimmed their lamps, which had been burning, and the wise virgins had extra oil needed because of the delay.
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As the groom takes the bride to the chuppah room, a celebration party begins in the outside room and the 5 foolish virgins run to buy extra oil. The proof of virginity cloth is handed to the witnesses and the bride's parents for safekeeping and the entire wedding party make their way to the groom's house and the door is closed when the last person in the procession enters.
The 5 foolish virgins arrive and knock on the closed door and are told "I never knew you" and are forbidden to enter the wedding feast. This makes clear that Jesus is speaking of a wedding. Not much is known of the actual wedding ceremony in first-century Palestine. It was preceded by a betrothal that was much more binding than is an engagement in modern societies. It was really the first stage of marriage, and it took divorce proceedings to dissolve it. At the end of the betrothal period the marriage took place, on a Wednesday if the bride was a virgin and on a Thursday if she was a widow.
When the two groups came together the wedding took place. After this there was a procession, generally to the home of the bridegroom, where feasting took place that might go on for days.